Reducing domestic violence reoffending
Why is this important to the people of NSW?
Domestic violence has no place in our society
Domestic violence is a contributor of ill health and premature death for women aged between 15 and 45 years. One woman is killed every week, on average, by domestic violence in Australia.
30 people died as a result of domestic violence in NSW in 2016.
Why focus on reoffending?
Reoffending is when a person charged with a domestic violence assault is then charged with a second domestic violence assault within 12 months. It typically happens soon after the initial abuse, so it’s critical we respond to it as quickly as possible.
How are we tracking?
Of the offenders that were charged with a domestic violence assault in 2013, 14.2 per cent or 1974 reoffended within 12 months.
The rate of reoffending has been rising since 2013, but the overall rate of domestic violence assault is stable. This reflects that NSW Police is taking action at an increasing rate, and focusing intensely on high risk offenders. However, any level of reoffending is unacceptable.
Our goal is to reduce the proportion of 2019 offenders that reoffend within 12 months to 10.7 per cent. This is a reduction of 484 reoffenders, a 25 per cent reduction from the 2013 baseline. The outcomes for 2019 offenders will be reported in 2021.
The chart shows the proportion of offenders in a given year that go on to commit another domestic violence assault within 12 months. To calculate this we have to look at the offenders that are charged with domestic violence assault in a given calendar year and then track whether they commit a subsequent offence over the following year. This means there is a delay in reporting the proportion that reoffend (e.g. 14.2 per cent data point was reported reported in 2015 and the 10.7 data point will be reported in 2021).
What are we doing?
Our program of work
Our focus is on reducing domestic violence reoffending by holding perpetrators to account and ensuring they receive targeted, evidence based and timely interventions to change their behaviour.
Initiatives increase support for victims, change the behaviour of offenders and target locations with significant rates of reoffending.
Some examples of these initiatives include:
- improving the quality of Community Corrections supervision and increasing access to behaviour change programs such as the EQUIPS Domestic Abuse Program to treat and stop abusive behaviour
- strengthening police capacity to identify and target serious repeat offenders as part of the statewide roll-out of NSW Police Force Suspect Target Management Plans (STMP) for recurring domestic violence offenders
- expanding the use of the video recorded victim statements, known as Domestic Violence Evidence in Chief (DVEC) to speed up the court process
- intervening earlier with new behaviour change programs for people on bail or remand, and new strategies to ensure people comply with Apprehended Domestic Violence Orders.
The past 12 months have seen some promising changes in supporting victims and proactively targeting offenders of domestic violence. For example, in January 2017, the NSW Police Force launched the Northern Region Domestic Violence High Risk Offender Team. The team has been formed as a proactive response to known domestic violence offenders.
Investment in reducing reoffending
In October 2015, we announced a $300 million package which doubled the investment in specialist domestic violence initiatives. Of this, $66 million directly targets perpetrators. The package underpins the NSW Domestic and Family Violence Blueprint for reform, which was launched in August 2016.
We have also invested an additional $237 million in reducing domestic violence by:
- expanding participation in programs for prisoners and parolees in the community, introduce one-on-one case management and intervention for priority domestic violence offenders after they are charged but before they are sentenced, and improve training for staff
- establishing 10 high-intensity program units for rehabilitation programs to prisoners serving short sentences of six months or less. Four of these units will target domestic violence prisoners
- targeting higher risk offenders earlier and at all points in their contact with the justice system will have the greatest impact on reoffending.
It's Not Your Fault campaign
Suspect Target Management Plans
The NSW Police Force Suspect Target Management Plans (STMP) for domestic violence perpetrators was rolled out across NSW in 2016 to help reduce reoffending. STMP involves a standardised, coordinated approach to the targeting and management of offenders. Suspect targeting identifies high-risk domestic violence offenders and places them on notice.
The STMP is aimed at strengthening police capacity to identify and target serious repeat domestic violence offenders. Police officers are trained in investigative techniques to monitor offenders who have been profiled and to proactively prevent them from reoffending.
The STMP is aimed at increasing detection and apprehension rates of domestic violence offenders before they reoffend, which in turn will increase protections for victims and children.
What can you do?
Community attitudes need to change
Domestic violence is seriously under-reported. According to a 2013 study by the Bureau of Crime Statistics and Research only 52 per cent of all victims report domestic violence to police.
The whole community has a part to play in stopping domestic violence by changing the way we think and talk about it. We can change cultural norms by what we do and say every day, as well as by educating our kids to view it as unacceptable to prevent future domestic violence.
Do you need help?
- If you are in danger, call 000
- For information, support and help, call the 24-hour Domestic Violence Line on 1800 65 64 63
- Phone Men’s Referral Service for support and referral for male victims and perpetrators of domestic violence on 1300 78 99 78
- Phone Women’s Domestic Violence Court Advocacy Services for support and referral for female victims 1800WDVCAS (1800 938 227)
- For legal advice, contact the Women’s Legal Service, Legal Aid NSW or call Law Access NSW on 1300 888 529.
For more information, visit the NSW Government's Domestic Violence website.