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Improving service levels in hospitals

100% of all triage category 1, 95% of triage category 2 and 85% of triage category 3 patients commencing treatment on time by 2023. 

Busy Hospital Scene

Why is this important?

Each year, more than 1.4 million patients present to NSW public hospital emergency departments with life-threatening or emergency conditions that require immediate or urgent treatment. 

Timely access to emergency services in a patient’s most urgent and critical time of need improves health outcomes for patients and alleviates stress and anxiety for families and carers. NSW is the top-performing state in Australia in terms of the timeliness of emergency care, despite the growing number of people accessing our emergency departments, but we are ambitious to do more. This priority will support the health system to improve this critical emergency service. 

How are we tracking?

We know that time to treatment is critical to good health outcomes. We are working on a number of strategies to ensure we are seeing the most critical patients (based on triage category) within clinically recommended timeframes.  

This priority focuses on maintaining the performance of triage category 1, whilst continuing to lift the performance of triage categories 2 and 3.    

The percentage of Triage category 1 (immediately life-threatening) patients seen on time has remained at 100% for several years. Those seen on time in Triage category 2 (imminently life-threatening) improved in the last financial year, as did the percentage of Triage category 3 (potentially life-threatening) patients seen on time. 

Download the Improving service levels in hospitals data information sheet (PDF, 141.09 KB)


What are we doing? 

‘Triage’ is a national scale used in hospital emergency departments to ensure that patients are treated in the order of their clinical urgency and allocated to the most appropriate assessment and treatment areas. Patients who present with life-threatening injuries and illnesses are prioritised. 

The scale consists of 5 categories, which establish the maximum waiting time recommended for the medical assessment and treatment of patients.

Patients are assigned a category by appropriately trained and experienced staff on arrival to the emergency department. 


*Not included in the Premier’s Priority target
Triage Category Time to Treatment National target % of patients seen 'on time' NSW Premier's Priority targets
Triage 1 Immediate 100% 100%
Triage 2 10 minutes 80% 95%
Triage 3 30 minutes 75% 85%
Triage 4 60 minutes 70% 70%*
Triage 5 120 minutes 70% 70%*

To ensure timely access to emergency treatment, a number of initiatives are currently being implemented by NSW hospitals. These initiatives include streaming patients through clinical pathways relating to their condition, as well as expanding virtual models of care. Such virtual models can support people with mild or moderate symptoms within in their own homes, which allows hospital emergency departments to focus on those patients requiring emergency care. 

NSW has more than 230 public hospitals. Search for a hospital or health service in the health services directory. 

Do you need help?

Healthdirect is a national phone line where you can access health advice, 24/7.

Call 1800 022 222 to speak to a registered nurse who can provide health advice when you’re not sure what to do. They may advise you to go to your local GP, manage the condition at home, or go to an emergency department.  

Anyone who is experiencing a medical emergency should present to their nearest emergency department or call 000

Improving Service Hospitals

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