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Bus, tram, truck and transit lanes

Know the rules for using different types of lanes, including T-ways, safely in NSW.

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Bus lanes, bus-only lanes and T-way lanes

Bus lanes

Bus lanes are for buses but can also be used by:

  • taxis (but not rideshare vehicles)
  • hire cars with HC number plates
  • special purpose vehicles (operated by or under the direction of Transport for NSW) responding to an emergency
  • bicycles and motorcycles.

You must not stop in a bus lane. The only vehicles that can stop in a bus lane are buses at a bus stop, or taxis and chauffeur-driven hire cars picking up or dropping off passengers.

Other vehicles can drive in bus lanes to avoid an obstruction or if there’s a sign saying they can. They can also drive in a bus lane for a maximum of 100m to:

  • enter or leave the road
  • overtake another vehicle turning right or making a U-turn
  • enter a lane from the side of the road.
Bus lane sig
Bus lane road sign

Bus-only lanes

When a sign or lane markings show ‘Bus only’ or ‘Buses only’, only buses can drive in these lanes.

Bus only lane sign
Buses only road sign

T-way lanes

T-way lanes are special lanes for authorised buses and service vehicles.

You must not drive in a T-way lane.

R-Way Lane 24hrs road sign
Sign showing T-way lane 24 hours

Tramways and tram lanes

Tramways

Only trams (light rail vehicles), tram recovery vehicles, some buses, and special purpose vehicles can drive in tramways.

These lanes are marked with a ‘Tramway’ sign, and two unbroken yellow lines alongside the tracks, or by a structure such as a traffic island, pedestrian refuge, or bollards.

Other vehicles can drive in a tramway to avoid an obstruction, but only if they do not move into the path of an approaching tram or bus.

Trams only lane sign
Trams only road sign

Tram lanes

Only trams, tram recovery vehicles and some buses can travel in lanes marked with a ‘Tram lane’ sign.

Other vehicles can drive in tram lanes to avoid an obstruction, or if there’s a sign saying they can. They can also drive in a tram lane for a maximum of 50m to:

  • enter or leave the road
  • overtake another vehicle turning right or making a U-turn
  • enter a lane from the side of the road.

You must not move into the path of a tram travelling in a tram lane.

Tram lane sign
Sign showing tram lane road sign

Truck lanes

Truck lanes are for vehicles over 4.5 tonnes gross vehicle mass (GVM) but can also be used by:

  • bicycles
  • special purpose vehicles
  • Transport for NSW vehicles doing road and traffic surveys.

Other vehicles can drive in a truck lane to avoid an obstruction, or if there’s a sign saying they can.

They can also drive in a truck lane for a maximum of 100m to:

  • enter or leave the road
  • overtake another vehicle turning right or making a U-turn
  • enter a lane from the side of the road.
Truck lane sign
Truck lane road sign

Trucks use left lane

Where a sign says ‘Trucks must use left lane’, trucks must use the left lane until a sign says they must not.

Trucks must also do this when a sign says ‘Buses’ or ‘Trucks & buses’. All other vehicles can also use this lane.

Trucks must use left lane sign
Road sign advising trucks must use left lane

Transit lanes

Transit lanes can be used by vehicles containing a certain number of people.

Public buses and minibuses, taxis, hire cars with HC number plates, motorcycles and bicycles, as well as emergency, special purpose and breakdown vehicles, can also use transit lanes, regardless of the number of people in their vehicles.

You can only drive in this lane during the times and days specified on the sign when there are two or more people in your vehicle, including the driver.

T2 Transit lane sign with applicable times
Only vehicles with two or more people during the specified day or time

You can only drive in this lane during the times and days specified on the sign when there are three or more people in your vehicle, including the driver.

T3 Transit lane sign with applicable times
Only vehicles with three or more people during the specified day or time

If you have less than the required number of people in your vehicle, you can only enter a transit lane for a maximum of 100m to:

  • enter or leave the road
  • overtake another vehicle turning right or making a U-turn
  • enter a lane from the side of the road.

Any vehicle can drive in a transit lane to avoid an obstruction, or if a sign says you can.

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