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You must not throw any rubbish out of your vehicle. You’re responsible for anything that’s thrown or dropped and anything that falls from your vehicle or from a trailer you’re towing. If somebody reports you, you can get a heavy fine.
If it’s possible that the item could injure a person, or obstruct or damage a vehicle or the road surface, you must remove it from the road as soon as it’s safe to do so. If you do not, you can get a fine and demerit points.
You must not throw cigarette butts out of your vehicle. Lit cigarettes are especially dangerous. You can get demerit points and a heavy fine if you throw a lit cigarette from a vehicle.
Fuel consumption and emissions
Things you can do to reduce fuel consumption and greenhouse gas emissions (ecodriving) include:
- Do not overfill your petrol tank. Leaving room for the fuel to expand to reduces emissions.
- Only use air conditioning when necessary. It’s most efficient when you’re driving above 60km/h.
- Check the tyre pressures regularly. Under-inflated tyres increase rolling resistance and fuel consumption.
- Turn the engine off when you stop for long periods.
- Avoid carrying unnecessary weight. Remove things like roof racks, bike racks and golf clubs when you’re not using them.
- Service your vehicle regularly and use the correct amount of engine oil and coolant.
- When driving a manual car, change gears at a lower engine speed (revs).
- Avoid over-revving when you take off.
- Maintain a steady speed.