A flag is an emblem which stands for its people, history and ideals. New South Wales has its own distinctive flag as well as its own state flower, animal, bird, fish and gemstone.
The New South Wales State Flag has been in use since 1876. It includes the Union Jack and the NSW badge.
Are you unsure of the flag protocols around a particular day or look to seek advice on what days to fly the NSW Flag? All NSW flag marshals now have the opportunity to register for the New South Wales Flag Network.
The Waratah (Telopea speciosissima) is the floral emblem of New South Wales, a large (10-12cm across) and spectacular scarlet flower growing in the bush in clumps of tall stems. The Waratah is protected by law.
The Kookaburra (Dacelo gigas) is the bird emblem of New South Wales. This great brown kingfisher is sometimes called a 'laughing jackass' because of its distinctive territorial laughing call. Meat eaters, they hunt snakes, lizards, fish and insects and live at forest edges, in clearings.
The Platypus (Ornithorhynchus anatinus), is the animal emblem of New South Wales. The platypus is a furry creature, about 30cm - 38cm long, it has webbed feet and a large duck-like bill which it uses to gather its food from the bottom of rivers.
The Blue Groper (Achoerodus viridis) was proclaimed the State fish of New South Wales in 1998. A friendly but powerful coastal fish that often follows divers. It can be up to a metre long and weigh between 2 and 15kg, though some specimens may reach 40kg or more.
The Black Opal was proclaimed the State gemstone of New South Wales in 2008. It is the most rare and valuable type of opal.
The 370 million year old fossil fish, Mandageria fairfaxi, is the NSW State Fossil Emblem. The fish was a large, air-breathing lobe-finned fish from the Canowindra Fish Bed in central NSW. The fossil is nicknamed Fred to honour Fred Fewings who recovered the fossil.