State emblems

NSW has its own state flower, animal, bird, fish and gemstone.



Bird Emblem: Kookaburra

The Kookaburra (Dacelo gigas) is the bird emblem of NSW. This great brown kingfisher is sometimes called a 'laughing jackass' because of its distinctive territorial laughing call. Meat eaters, they hunt snakes, lizards, fish and insects and live at forest edges, in clearings.


Black Opal

Gemstone Emblem: Black Opal

The Black Opal was proclaimed the state gemstone of NSW in 2008. It is the most rare and valuable type of opal.



Floral Emblem: Waratah

The Waratah (Telopea speciosissima) is the floral emblem of NSW, a large (10-12cm across) and spectacular scarlet flower growing in the bush in clumps of tall stems. The Waratah is protected by law.


Eastern Blue Groper

Fish Emblem: Blue Groper

The Blue Groper (Achoerodus viridis) was proclaimed the state fish of NSW in 1998. A friendly but powerful coastal fish that often follows divers. It can be up to a metre long and weigh between 2 and 15kg, though some specimens may reach 40kg or more.



Animal Emblem: Platypus

The Platypus (Ornithorhynchus anatinus), is the animal emblem of NSW. The platypus is a furry creature, about 30cm to 38cm long, it has webbed feet and a large duck-like bill which it uses to gather its food from the bottom of rivers.


Mandageria fairfaxi

Fossil Emblem: Mandageria fairfaxi

The 370 million year old fossil fish, Mandageria fairfaxi, is the NSW state fossil emblem. The fish was a large, air-breathing lobe-finned fish from the Canowindra Fish Bed in central NSW. The fossil is nicknamed Fred to honour Fred Fewings who recovered the fossil.
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