Things to know before your child starts school
In NSW, primary school begins in kindergarten and goes from year 1 to year 6.
To enrol, children must turn 5 before 31 July in the year they start school and must begin school by their sixth birthday.
The school year begins late January to early February. It has 4 terms and generally finishes around the middle of December.
The 6 key areas of learning
While kindergarten is focused on developing children’s basic literacy and numeracy skills, there are 6 key areas of learning studied throughout primary school:
- creative arts
- human society and its environment
- personal development, health and physical education
- science and technology
The Education Standards Authority provides a range of resources to help parents know more about:
Attending a non-government school
If you’re thinking of a private school for your child, find out more at:
Temporary 457 and 482 visa holders
If you are a parent with a temporary resident visa and want to send your child to a public primary school in NSW, fees apply depending on the age of your child.
However, you may be eligible for an exemption or a refund depending on your situation.
You can learn more about visa and enrolment requirements at the Temporary Residents Program.
Parents of overseas students wanting to enrol their child in a public school can find out what’s required at DE International, a division within the NSW Department of Education.
Depending on the age of the student there may also be English language requirements.
If your enrolment is successful, you'll receive a confirmation from DE International, which you then use to apply for a student visa.
Find and select a school
NSW public primary schools have a catchment zone or local enrolment area. If you live inside a school’s enrolment area, your child is guaranteed a place at that school.
Your child can go to a school outside your local enrolment area only if that school has places available.
You should only enrol in one school at any given time.
How to find a school
To help determine if a school is the best fit for you and your child, you could:
Depending on the number of schools in your local enrolment area, you may want to consider these factors before deciding on a primary school for your child:
- the school’s reputation in the local community
- its location and how close it is to where you live and public transport
- any specific educational programs or curriculum focus, like catering for children with a disability or additional learning needs
- the availability of special religion or ethics classes
- services for students from non-English speaking backgrounds
- the general condition of the buildings, classrooms and playgrounds
- before and after school care (BASC) as well as any vacation care options
School Finder online tool
The NSW Department of Education's online School Finder helps you locate schools in your local enrolment area.
You can enter your home address or search by a school’s name. There are other filtering options available as well as guidelines on how to use the School Finder.
Rural and remote students
The School Finder lists schools within 105km of your home.
However, if you live further than 105km from your nearest public school, you can find more information for geographically isolated students at the Rural and Distance Education website.
Going to a school outside your area
Schools can accept enrolments from parents who live outside that school’s local enrolment area if places are available.
But there is no guarantee that your application will be successful.
Applications from parents outside a local enrolment area are usually assessed on a range of criteria, including:
- if siblings are already enrolled at the school
- if you have a child with disability or additional needs that are better met at this school
- medical reasons such as improved access to specialist local health services
- special interests and abilities such as language or music classes
Applications for placement outside your local enrolment area usually require separate forms and need to be submitted by a cut-off date. Check with the school for more details.
Children with disability or additional learning needs
Most public primary schools in NSW provide a range of enrolment and support options for children with disability or additional learning needs.
There is also a number of schools designated for specific purposes (SSPs) that offer specialised levels of support.
To find out more about what disability services, support classes and SSP placements might be available in your child’s local school:
- make an appointment with the school’s principal to discuss your child’s needs at least 12 to 18 months prior to your child starting school
- if your child is less than 4 years old, contact the NSW Educational Services Team on 131 536 to discuss the options and services available
The Raising Children website, which is supported by the Department of Social Services, has information on choosing, enrolling and support options for children with a disability and their schooling.
Enrol your child
Do not purchase items such as uniforms or school-specific equipment until you receive confirmation of your enrolment
Once you've decided on a school, you’ll need to enrol your child. All new enrolments usually require an interview with the principal or a senior staff member.
Schools generally begin accepting new enrolments in the second half of the year before your child intends to start, but they can help you with any questions throughout the year.
You should only have your child enrolled in one school at any given time.
During enrolment you can submit the required documents including the application to enrol form (PDF 770KB), which must be completed in English.
If you need help with English you can:
- use these instructions translated into many languages to help you fill out the enrolment form
- call the Telephone Interpreter Service on 131 450 and ask for an interpreter in your language
Along with the completed application to enrol form, there are usually several supporting documents that will need to be provided, depending on your circumstances, including:
- a child's birth certificate or identity documents
- proof of child's residential address (PDF 80KB)
- an immunisation statement from the Australian Immunisation Register (AIR)
- any family law or other court orders
- copies of medical/healthcare or emergency action plan
- evidence of any disability and learning and support plans if your child has health, disability or additional needs
Parents are required to provide an immunisation certificate when enrolling their child at a primary school.
The NSW Immunisation Schedule (PDF) outlines what vaccinations parents and carers need to be up to date with for their children.
The Australian Immunisation Register (AIR) records all your child’s vaccinations.
Some children may be exempt from vaccinations due to medical reasons or natural immunity. This will still be captured on their immunisation history statement as ‘up to date’.
If you choose not to vaccinate your child, you can still enrol them without an immunisation certificate.
However, if there is an outbreak of a vaccine preventable disease, your child may be asked to stay at home until it is safe to return to school.
Religion and ethics classes
All government schools offer a range of classes in religious education or ethics. The actual classes available will vary between schools but will generally cover:
- instruction in a specific religion that is delivered by approved representatives of that religion
- religious education that looks more generally at the world’s major religions and how those beliefs affect lives
- ethics classes
Parents can also choose not to send their children to any religious or ethics classes. In that case, students attend other supervised activities such as reading, study or homework.
A separate form indicating your preference will be provided by the school. You will need to complete and submit this as part of the enrolment process. Contact your school for more details.
Distance education and international students
NSW students who are geographically isolated or whose circumstances prevent them from attending regular classes may be able to apply for distance education
Some public primary schools in NSW offer programs for international students.
Generally only 2 years of study is available at primary school level. Other eligibility rules apply.
Find out more about programs for overseas students and temporary residents enrolling in a NSW government school at DE International.
Students with disability or additional needs
If your child is less than 4 years old, contact the Local School Services team on 131 536 for more information about transitioning your child to the most appropriate school.
For a child with disability or additional learning and support needs, parents or carers should meet with their local school principal at least 12 to 18 months prior to starting school to discuss and assess:
- any reports from medical experts, therapists or other health care agencies
- details of any assistive equipment and devices used or required for day to day activities
- the school's resources and procedures to address specific student health issues like asthma, anaphylaxis, epilepsy or ADHD
Students with a confirmed disability can be enrolled in different types of classes, subject to any placement panel assessments, including:
- regular classes
- support classes in regular schools
- special schools
Before and after school care options
You need to have confirmation of your place at a school before applying for any before or after school care (BASC) options.
The School Finder can filter your search to identify schools and list the BASC services they offer.
You can also check the school’s website for more detailed information about:
- what type of care is provided
- where the care centre is located as it may not be on the school grounds
- its operating hours
If a non-local enrolment is refused
If you enrolled at a primary school outside your local enrolment area and were not offered a place, you can appeal the decision.
Check with the school to find out what their process is, but it will generally require you to write a letter to the principal outlining the reasons why you’re appealing the decision.
If you are not satisfied by the outcome of that letter, the matter can then be referred to a local principals network or similar independent body to make a final decision.
The first day: what to do before and after
Starting school can be easier if your child is familiar with the school grounds and the new routines that come with daily attendance.
It may also mean you, your partner or carer rearrange your work schedules, at least in the short term:
- to set up drop off and pick up times and locations
- to offer support for any possible separation anxiety
Prepare and practise
Many primary schools provide a range of activities to help prepare new students, including:
- orientation or open days, generally held in the final months of the year to familiarise children intending to start at the school the following year
- transition to kindergarten programs
Practical preparations ahead of the first day of school can also help ease any nerves or anxiety your child might feel, including:
- organising and trying on uniforms and shoes
- packing lunch boxes
- testing out their backpacks
- practise walking or travelling to and from school
- getting to know other students beforehand
Raising Children is an Australian parenting website supported by the Department of Social Services.
It provides a list of key points and actions to consider when preparing your child for school.
Dealing with new routines
Things can change considerably for families when a child officially become a student. New places, new people and new rules for them can mean new routines for everyone.
Suggestions to help first-time students adapt to their new school environment include:
- starting with a healthy breakfast, as well as packing a healthy lunch box with familiar foods in an easy-to-eat format
- reading books together that encourage positive feelings about school
- talking with siblings, relations or others who are enjoying school
- sharing your own experiences starting school so your child knows being nervous is okay
- being consistent in how you travel to and from school
- keeping to similar times and locations when dropping off and picking up from school
Read the Getting ready for primary school PDF booklet, which has tips and checklists to help parents and carers prepare children for kindergarten
Helping students at home
Developing a routine and having a set place and time to do homework can help children of any age reinforce work done in class and consolidate learning methods.
Even if there is no homework set, consider reading with your child to help with language development and to expand their vocabulary. Some reading strategies could include:
- listening to your child read regularly, even if only for a short time
- talking about books and discussing the meaning of stories and words
- joining your local library for a wider book selection, learning activities and events
Find more information about parenting and child learning at:
Safety in and around schools
Parents and carers have an opportunity to act as role models to show children what it means to be a responsible pedestrian, passenger, cyclist or driver.
Children new to school need to become familiar with:
- what a school zone means
- drop-off and pick-up locations
- rules applying to pedestrian and school crossings
The Safety Town website from Transport NSW has a range of learning activities that parents and carers can use to support better road safety awareness for their children.
Becoming part of a school community
The more involved you can be as a parent or carer in your school can have a positive impact on your child’s learning and behaviour as they get used to this new stage of their life.
Possible benefits of teacher/parent collaboration to support a child's learning can include:
- a eagerness to attend regularly if they were feeling a little reluctant to begin with
- enhanced social and relationship skills
- a greater sense of personal wellbeing and security
Ways to get involved
Becoming part of your school’s community can help you connect with other parents and staff. You can participate by:
- joining social media channels like your school’s Facebook group to find out what’s going on and connect with other parents
- volunteering for the school canteen, excursions, events or committees
- contributing to any school council, parent club or local parents and citizens (P&C) group
Help with costs
A family will not be discriminated against or suffer embarrassment if they are unable to contribute financially to their child's education
While public education is free, most schools request voluntary contributions to help cover costs of:
- extracurricular activities
- additional education resources
- attending or participating in sports events
- going on excursions
However, the cost of things like uniforms, textbooks, equipment and stationery are generally covered by parents and will need to be planned for in your budget.
Schools will usually provide a checklist of what they provide, and what parents or carers are expected to supply. If in doubt, get in touch with the school to find out.
If you are unable to pay because of financial hardship, you may be eligible for exemptions or financial help from the school.
Contact the school principal to find out more or discuss your situation.
There are a number of federal and state government payments you may be eligible for that can help cover the cost of sending your child to school, including:
Child Care Subsidy
For help with the costs of care before and after school hours, including vacation care, Services Australia offers 2 benefits as part of its Child Care Subsidy program.
Eligibility requirements and the amount you receive depends on your circumstances, but will usually take into account:
- your family's income
- the hourly rate cap based on the type of approved child care you use and your child’s age
- the hours of activity you and your partner do
National Disability Insurance Scheme (NDIS)
Children with disability or additional learning needs have the same rights to education as all other children.
The NDIS can fund reasonable and necessary costs that enables a child with a disability to go to school, including:
- support with daily living activities at school like eating and getting around
- specialised training of teachers
- non-educational therapies delivered during school time
Creative Kids voucher
This is a one-off payment to eligible parents and carers of up to $100 per calendar year.
The voucher can be used with a registered provider to pay for a range of activities, covering:
- creative arts
- drama and dance
- digital design and coding
- music lessons
Travel and transport
There is a range of free or reduced cost transport services available to help children get to and from school.
Special eligibility conditions may apply depending on your child’s age and the distance you live from the school.
Check with your school for more information on the most suitable public transport option for your circumstances.
Transport NSW provides several options for eligible students as part of the School Student Transport Scheme (SSTS), including the:
- School Opal card for free travel on approved metro, train, bus, ferry and light rail services during school term
- School term bus passes for students who may not qualify for free school travel
- School drive subsidy to help cover the cost of using a private vehicle in areas where no public transport is available
Starting school can be both exciting and stressful for parents and children.
At this time, anxieties, phobias, allergies, behavioural conditions and even mental health issues can be more noticeable.
There is a range of support services available that can help foster a healthy and productive learning environment.
Most primary schools have a range of programs designed to help support students’ social and emotional learning as well as ensure their physical wellbeing, including:
- healthy school canteens initiative
- sun safety and road safety education
- life skills and peer support activities
- specialist counselling staff
- anti-bullying measures
- digital usage and screen time guidelines
The Raising Children website, which is supported by the Department of Social Services, has a number of health and daily care resources for school age children.
There are also specific support services available from the NSW Department of Education for:
- Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander students
- refugee students
- multicultural education needs
- English language learners
Help for parents
A child starting school can cause a major change to your family’s lifestyle, routines and relationships.
The NSW Department of Education's quick guide for parents is an alphabetical list of common topics covering a wide range of subjects, from attendance to wellbeing.
Additionally, the Practical help for parents and carers website has extensive support material, including:
- homework tips for overcoming any study barriers
- learning resources for some subjects
- recommended books for your child to read
- ways to deal with the transition from preschool to primary
- student health and safety programs
If you have a child with disability or additional learning needs
Many people, not only parents, can contribute to supporting students with disability and additional learning needs.
This collaborative, personalised approach using a range of teaching and learning professionals can help ensure every student receives a dignified education.
If you have concerns about your child’s development or progress at school, it’s important to discuss these as soon as practical with the relevant people, including:
- the school principal, teacher or counsellor
- your family doctor or child’s paediatrician
There are also interpreter services and Aboriginal education assistants available to parents and carers.